Molecular Systematics, Taxonomy and Distribution of the Pyrrhura Picta–Leucotis Complex
Thomas Arndt1, *, Michael Wink2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2017
First Page: 53
Last Page: 91
Publisher Id: TOOENIJ-10-53
Article History:Received Date: 09/09/2016
Revision Received Date: 05/01/2017
Acceptance Date: 15/02/2017
Electronic publication date: 19/05/2017
Collection year: 2017
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The relationships within the Pyrrhura species complex are partly unresolved. In this study, a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the Pyrrhura picta-leucotis complex was carried out, covering all species except P. subandina.
Material and Methods:
We made a morphological analysis of 745 preserved specimens of all the taxa in different museums. Nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome gene were generated and used to reconstruct a molecular phylogeny of Pyrrhura.
Results and Discussion:
Our results show that the complex is divided into 6 main groups comprising 15 species. P. dilutissima, regarded up to now as a subspecies of P. peruviana, acquires species status and three new subspecies are described. We also provide evidence that P. roseifrons is a paraphyletic group, indicating the existence of probably 3 lineages of which 2 deserve species status.